Land is understood as a root cause of conflict and a bottleneck to development. The Great Lakes is an example of how coherent and sustained engagement on land paves the way for conflict-sensitive management of natural resources and longer-term stability. Somalia and Afghanistan illustrate how land value can be captured by local governments to generate revenue, invest in basic resources, and rebuild the social contract. Fit-for-purpose approaches to land administration, more conflict sensitive investments, and stricter UN system-wide coherence (Secretary-General Guidance Note on land and conflict) create opportunities to sustain peace and accelerate the localization of the SDGs.
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