SDG 16 is critical for parliaments and parliaments are critical for SDG 16. Parliaments are the place where laws and policies - including on peace, justice and inclusion - are debated and adopted. By regularly holding public hearings, requesting clarifications directly from government and requesting reports from plenary sessions, parliaments can bring the SDGs to the attention of the public and the media, thereby encouraging accountability at all levels. In turn, parliaments are themselves part of the governance system of a country and require a peaceful, just and inclusive governance system to represent people and play their role in the political decision-making process.
The relevance of parliaments for peaceful, just and inclusive societies is illustrated by the fact that member states made the inclusiveness of national and local legislative (and other public) bodies the global indicator to measure SDG target 16.7 on responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making.