Oslo Governance Centre • 4 April 2019


Purpose: This document provides guidance to countries seeking to report on Sustainable Development Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels.

*Important* - This document is a draft that is being currently tested by countries. All comments and suggestions are welcome, and all contributors will be acknowledged in the final draft.


  1. Guiding questions to help to inform a Voluntary National Review (VNR) process that generates information on progress, challenges and lessons learned on implementation of SDG 16. 
  2. Guiding questions to ensure that the content of the VNR is integrated with other national plans and a comprehensive approach to development. 
  3. Example of SDG 16 reporting

Elements: This document is structured around key elements of a VNR process proposed in the Secretary General’s Voluntary Common Reporting Guidelines, and the UN Handbook for Preparation of VNR.  It is not intended to assist directly with collection and reporting of data: guidance for this is available from UN Statistics Division,[1] and the Praia Group on Governance Statistics, whose ‘Handbook on Governance Statistics’ will be available in March 2020.[1] Furthermore, this document is not a recommended outline of how data should be collected and reported, but instead a set of suggestions for consideration in support ofr the general processes of how SDG 16 reporting is conducted. It is not prescriptive: states may choose how they report on targets and indicators.

Rationale: SDG 16 is a relatively new development focus area  that was not part of the Millenium Development Goals. As such, SDG 16 indicators are new formany countries to monitor at the national level and require previously untapped data and expertise.  Consequently, expertise on how to measure progress on SDG 16—the peace, justice and inclusion that underpins achievement of all SDGs—is limited in many countries.  This guidance was produced by the Global Alliance for Reporting Progress on Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies, in response to requests by more than 26 countries.